About Us

We are a team of researchers and mental health professionals dedicated to providing high-quality evidence synthesis and research synthesis services. We specialize in systematic reviews, evidence synthesis, and research methods that help our clients make informed decisions about their mental health. Our team is composed of experienced professionals who have worked in the field for many years. We use the latest techniques to ensure that our clients receive the most accurate information possible. Our goal is to provide our clients with the best possible evidence-based solutions for their needs.

A systematic review is a type of research study that systematically searches, appraises, and synthesizes all available evidence on a particular research question or topic. The goal of a systematic review is to provide a comprehensive and unbiased overview of the current state of knowledge on the topic being studied.

The process of conducting a systematic review typically involves several steps, including defining the research question, searching for relevant studies, critically appraising the quality of the studies found, and synthesizing the results of the studies. The results of a systematic review can be used to inform clinical practice, policymaking, and future research.

Systematic reviews are considered to be one of the highest levels of evidence in the hierarchy of evidence-based practice, as they provide a comprehensive and rigorous overview of the available evidence on a topic.

Accordion Content
  • What research has already been conducted?
  • What theories have guided to extend research?
  • What hypotheses have been tested?
  • What kinds of research designs have other researchers used?
  • What measures have been developed and used?
  • How were participants tested in these previous research studies?
  • What participant populations were sampled?
  • What mistakes have other researchers made?
  • What suggestions have been made for future research?

A clearly defined question mentioning population, Intervention, comparison groups, and outcomes of interest (PICO) is required for your systematic review. A well-defined review question is essential to your review. It’s important that you’re clear about what your review will cover, as the question will define many of the subsequent steps of the review:

  • Eligibility criteria for the studies which will be included or excluded
  • The search strategy will be depended upon the research question, what types of studies are needed to answer the question.
  • Analysis of the results of the studies will be determined by the research question again – which outcomes do you want to measure, are there specific issues you want to explore, what information do you need to find in the included studies?

A written protocol outlining the study methodology is required. The protocol should include the rationale for the systematic review, key questions guided by PICO, inclusion/exclusion criteria, search strategy to locate published/unpublished literature, data management plan, assessment of the methodological quality of individual studies (risk of bias), data synthesis, and grading the evidence for each key question.

A systematic review protocol must be pre-registered before continuing the systematic review.

After you write the protocol, you should register it with PROSPERO, an International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. Registration is free and open to anyone undertaking systematic reviews of the effects of interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions, for which there is a health-related outcome.

For more information about registering protocols & PROSPERO, see: PROSPERO

First, do a scoping search, then find relevant databases and conduct comprehensive and detailed literature searches that are reproducible and well documented.

A working knowledge of EndNote to help manage citations retrieved from literature searches will be helpful.

Use appropriate guidelines for reporting your review for publication such as PRISMA guidelines or Cochrane.

Expertise and Team

1- A subject expert to clarify the issues related to the topic

2- A librarian to help in the development of an extensive search strategy and to identify the relevant databases

3- Reviewers for data screening such as abstracts, titles and full-text articles

4- A statistician if Meta-analysis is involved

5- A project lead for managing data and writing up the final report

Time

  1. How much time does each author have?
  2. What tasks need to be done? by whom?
  3. How long will each task take?
  4. Up to 1-2 years in total
  5. A clear Gant Chart

Office Supplies and Technology Computers, internet access, phone calls/conferences, printing, photocopying

Published Reviews

Published Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis

  1. A systematic review of the evidence supporting mobile and internet based psychological interventions for self-harm. Read here
  2. An examination of the relationship between shame, guilt and self-harm: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Read here

Session on “Introduction to Systematic Review,”  conducted by Ms. Farhat-ul-Ain and Mr. Usman Arshad at the Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, for MPhil students.